The number of reported sexual offences increased to 52,420 in 2018/19 from 50,108 in 2017/18. Most of these were cases of rape. 
Civil rights groups estimate that only one in 13 sexual assaults actually get reported. 
Furthermore, comprehensive studies have shown that one in three children in South Africa have experienced sexual abuse in their lives. 
The effects of trauma lead to other social challenges i.e. teenage pregnancy, drug and alcohol abuse. Incidences of violence may be physically higher in certain communities, but the overall impact of fear and mistrust, has become ubiquitous.